流行搖滾 Pop Rock

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流行搖滾(Pop rock)是Pop音樂與搖滾樂的混合音樂,特色是使用平易近人的流行風格、明亮歌詞以及吉他為基礎的歌曲。流行搖滾有著許多不同的定義,從“樂觀的搖滾音樂”到“Pop音樂的一個分支”。學者認為流行樂和搖滾樂常處于相反立?。毫饜欣值姆炊哉叱3屏饜欣治皇檔納桃擋?,而搖滾樂的擁護者則主張搖滾樂是真實、真心、反商業的音樂?!禔merican Popular Music》 這本書定義流行搖滾為樂觀的搖滾音樂,代表歌手有艾爾頓·強、保羅·麥卡尼、艾佛利兄弟二重唱 、洛史都華、芝加哥合唱團和彼得·佛萊普頓。相反地,音樂評論家 George Starostin 將流行搖滾定義為Pop音樂的一個分支,使用平易近人的流行風格、明亮歌詞以及吉他為基礎的歌曲。Starostin 主張大部分被稱為“power pop”的音樂都是屬于流行搖滾的分支。他認為流行搖滾中充滿感情的內容是“音樂的次要部份!”評論家 Philip Auslander 認為,比起英國,美國流行樂和搖滾樂之間的差異更為明顯。他認為美國的流行樂是發源于如派瑞·柯摩等的白人歌手,而搖滾樂則是來自搖滾(Rock and Roll)等受到黑人影響的音樂。Auslander 指出,流行搖滾的概念,與原來彼此對立的流行樂與搖滾樂是不同的。Auslander 和其他學者如 Simon Frith 和 Grossberg,主張流行樂常被認為是不真實、虛假、商業化的一種娛樂型態。而搖滾樂則是真實的、真心的、反商業的音樂,還有一個很顯著的特點:搖滾樂的內容對于社會人文有批判性的獨到見解。并強調由歌手或樂團自己創作,演奏的技巧,和“與聽眾的連結”。Simon Frith 對于50年代到80年代流行音樂歷史的分析,遭 B. J. Moore-Gilbert 的批評。他認為 Frith 和其他學者太過強調“搖滾樂”的腳色,在每個新音樂類型的字尾都加上“搖滾”。因此,當受到民謠影響的音樂開始在60年代發展,Frith稱他為“民謠搖滾”,而70年代的音樂則稱之為“流行搖滾”。Moore-Gilbert 認為這不合理的方式將搖滾樂放在頂點,讓受到其他音樂影響的特色成為搖滾樂核心的附屬品。Pop rock is a music genre which mixes a catchy pop style and light lyrics in its (typically) guitar-based rock songs. There are varying definitions of the term, ranging from a slower and mellower form of rock music to a subgenre of pop music. The detractors of pop rock often deride it as a slick, commercial product, less authentic than rock music.Pop rock has been described as an "upbeat variety of rock music represented by artists such as Elton John, Paul McCartney, Rod Stewart, Chicago, and Peter Frampton." Critic Philip Auslander argues that the distinction between pop and rock is more pronounced in the US than in the UK. He claims in the US, pop has roots in white crooners such as Perry Como, whereas rock is rooted in African-American-influenced forms such as rock and roll. Auslander points out that the concept of pop rock, which blends pop and rock is at odds with the typical conception of pop and rock as opposites. Auslander and several other scholars such as Simon Frith and Grossberg argue that pop music is often depicted as an inauthentic, cynical, "slickly commercial" and formulaic form of entertainment. In contrast, rock music is often heralded as an authentic, sincere, and anti-commercial form of music, which emphasizes songwriting by the singers and bands, instrumental virtuosity, and a "real connection with the audience".Simon Frith's analysis of the history of popular music from the 1950s to the 1980s has been criticized by B. J. Moore-Gilbert, who argues that Frith and other scholars have over-emphasized the role of "rock" in the history of popular music by naming every new genre using the "rock" suffix. Thus when a folk-oriented style of music developed in the 1960s, Frith terms it "folk rock", and the pop-infused styles of the 1970s were called "pop rock". Moore-Gilbert claims that this approach unfairly puts rock at the apex, and makes every other influence become an add-on to the central core of rock.

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